Now showing 1 - 10 of 23
  • Publication
    A catalytic enantioselective stereodivergent aldol reaction
    (2023)
    Rahman, Md. Ataur
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    Cellnik, Torsten
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    Ahuja, Brij Bhushan
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    ;
    Healy, Alan R.
    The aldol reaction is among the most powerful and strategically important carbon–carbon bond–forming transformations in organic chemistry. The importance of the aldol reaction in constructing chiral building blocks for complex small-molecule synthesis has spurred continuous efforts toward the development of direct catalytic variants. The realization of a general catalytic aldol reaction with control over both the relative and absolute configurations of the newly formed stereogenic centers has been a longstanding goal in the field. Here, we report a decarboxylative aldol reaction that provides access to all four possible stereoisomers of the aldol product in one step from identical reactants. The mild reaction can be carried out on a large scale in an open flask, and generates CO2 as the only by-product. The method tolerates a broad substrate scope and generates chiral β-hydroxy thioester products with substantial downstream utility.
      22  28Scopus© Citations 3
  • Publication
    A Low-Temperature-Resistant Flexible Organic Crystal with Circularly Polarized Luminescence
    (2022) ;
    Pan, Xiuhong
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    Zheng, Anyi
    ;
    Di, Qi
    ;
    Duan, Pengfei
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    Ye, Kaiqi
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    Naumov, Panče
    ;
    Zhang, Hongyu
    ;
    Yu, Xu
    Flexible organic crystals with unique mechanical properties and excellent optical properties are of paramount significance for their wide applications in various research fields such as adaptive optics and soft robotics. However, low-temperature-resistant flexible organic crystal with circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) ability has never been reported. Herein, chiral organic crystals with CPL activity and low-temperature flexibility (77 K) are fabricated by the solvent diffusion method from chiral Schiff bases, S(R)-4- b romo-2-(((1- p henyl e thyl)imino) m ethyl) p henol (S(R)-BPEMP). The corresponding chiroptical properties for the two enantiomeric crystals were thoroughly investigated, including the measurements of circular dichroism (CD) and CPL. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on low-molecular-weight flexible organic crystals with CPL activity, and we believe that the results will give a new impetus to the research of organic crystals.
    Scopus© Citations 21  35  28
  • Publication
    Autonomous and directional flow of water and transport of particles across a subliming dynamic crystal surface
    (2023)
    Commins, Patrick
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    Al-Handawi, Marieh B.
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    Rezgui, Rachid
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    ;
    McNamara, Mark
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    Naumov, Panče
    Chemical and morphological traits of natural substrates that can propel and transport fluids over their surfaces have long provided inspiration for the engineering of artificial materials that can harvest and collect water from aerial humidity. Here we report that the gradual widening of parallel microchannels on a surface of a slowly subliming hexachlorobenzene crystal can promote the autonomous and bidirectional transduction of condensed aerial water. Driven by topology changes on the surface of the crystal and water exchange with the gas phase, droplets of condensed water migrate over the crystal. These droplets are also able to transport silver particles and other particulate matter, such as dust. The velocity of the particles was shown to be dependent on both the sublimation rate of the crystal and the relative humidity of its environment. This example of a sublimation-powered water flow demonstrates that topological surface changes accompanying crystal phase transitions can be harnessed to transport liquid and solid matter over surfaces.
      10Scopus© Citations 2
  • Publication
    Bioinspired soft robots based on organic polymer-crystal hybrid materials with response to temperature and humidity
    (2023)
    Yang, Xuesong
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    Lan, Linfeng
    ;
    Pan, Xiuhong
    ;
    Di, Qi
    ;
    Liu, Xiaokong
    ;
    ;
    Naumov, Panče
    ;
    Zhang, Hongyu
    The capability of stimulated response by mechanical deformation to induce motion or actuation is the foundation of lightweight organic, dynamic materials for designing light and soft robots. Various biomimetic soft robots are constructed to demonstrate the vast versatility of responses and flexibility in shape-shifting. We now report that the integration of organic molecular crystals and polymers brings about synergistic improvement in the performance of both materials as a hybrid materials class, with the polymers adding hygroresponsive and thermally responsive functionalities to the crystals. The resulting hybrid dynamic elements respond within milliseconds, which represents several orders of magnitude of improvement in the time response relative to some other type of common actuators. Combining molecular crystals with polymers brings crystals as largely overlooked materials much closer to specific applications in soft (micro)robotics and related fields.
      30Scopus© Citations 19
  • Publication
    Comparative Study of Polyethylene Films Embedded with Oxide Nanoparticles of Granulated and Free-Standing Nature
    (2022) ; ; ;
    Le Guyon, Valerie
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    ; ;
    Angastiniotis, Nicos
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    Koutsokeras, Loukas
    ;
    Duponchel, Benoît
    Nanocomposite polymer films are a very diverse research field due to their many applications. The search for low-cost, versatile methods, producing regulated properties of the final products, has thus become extremely relevant. We have previously reported a bulk-scale process, dispersing granulated metal oxide nanoparticles, of both unary and multi-component nature, in a low-density polyethylene (LDPE) polymer matrix, establishing a reference in the produced films’ optical properties, due to the high degree of homogeneity and preservation of the primary particle size allowed by this method. In this work, unmodified, free-standing particles, namely zinc oxide (ZnO), titanium dioxide (TiO2), aluminum oxide (Al2O3), and silicon dioxide (SiO2) are blended directly with LDPE, and the optical properties of the fabricated films are compared to those of films made using the granulation process. The direct blending process evidently allows for control of the secondary particle size and ensures a homogeneous dispersion of the particles, albeit to a lesser extent than the granulation process. Despite the secondary particle size being comparatively larger than its granulated counterpart, the process still provides a regulated degree of deagglomeration of the free-standing oxide particles, so it can be used as a low-cost alternative. The regulation of the secondary particle size tunes the transmission and reflection spectra, in both unary and mixed oxide compositions. Finally, the direct blending process exhibits a clear ability to tune the energy band gap in mixed oxides.
      76  115
  • Publication
    Construction of Microporous Zincophilic Interface for Stable Zn Anode
    (2023)
    Yang, Xin
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    Shu, Tie
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    Huang, Haoyu
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    Yi, Hongquan
    ;
    Zhang, Yanchi
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    Wei, Xiao
    ;
    ;
    Zhang, Yuxin
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    Ma, Minghao
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    Liu, Xingyuan
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    Yao, Kexin
    Aqueous zinc ion batteries (AZIBs) are promising electrochemical energy storage devices due to their high theoretical specific capacity, low cost, and environmental friendliness. However, uncontrolled dendrite growth poses a serious threat to the reversibility of Zn plating/stripping, which impacts the stability of batteries. Therefore, controlling the disordered dendrite growth remains a considerable challenge in the development of AZIBs. Herein, a ZIF-8-derived ZnO/C/N composite (ZOCC) interface layer was constructed on the surface of the Zn anode. The homogeneous distribution of zincophilic ZnO and the N element in the ZOCC facilitates directional Zn deposition on the (002) crystal plane. Moreover, the conductive skeleton with a microporous structure accelerates Zn2+ transport kinetics, resulting in a reduction in polarization. As a result, the stability and electrochemical properties of AZIBs are improved. Specifically, the ZOCC@Zn symmetric cell sustains over 1150 h at 0.5 mA cm−2 with 0.25 mA h cm−2, while the ZOCC@Zn half-cell achieves an outstanding Coulombic efficiency of 99.79% over 2000 cycles. This work provides a simple and effective strategy for improving the lifespan of AZIBs.
      9
  • Publication
    Elastic Organic Crystals as Bioinspired Hair‐Like Sensors
    (2023)
    Yousuf, Soha
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    Halabi, Jad Mahmoud
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    Tahir, Ibrahim
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    Ahmed, Ejaz
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    Rezgui, Rachid
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    ;
    Laws, Praveen
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    Daqaq, Mohammed
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    Naumov, Panče
    One of the typical haptic elements are natural hairy structures that animals and plants rely on for feedback. Although these hair sensors are an admirable inspiration, the development of active flow sensing components having low elastic moduli and high aspect ratios remains a challenge. Here, we report a new sensing approach based on a flexible, thin and optically transmissive organic crystal of high aspect ratio, which is stamped with fluorescent dye for tracking. When subjected to gas flow and exposed to laser, the crystal bends due to exerted pressure and acts as an optical flow (hair) sensor with low detection limit (≈1.578 m s−1) and fast response time (≈2.70 s). The air-flow-induced crystal deformation and flow dynamics response are modelled by finite element analysis. Due to having a simple design and being lightweight and mechanically robust this prototypical crystal hair-like sensor opens prospects for a new class of sensing devices ranging from wearable electronics to aeronautics.
      7Scopus© Citations 8
  • Publication
    Electrically conductive hybrid organic crystals as flexible optical waveguides
    (2022) ;
    Yang, Xuesong
    ;
    Lan, Linfeng
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    Pan, Xiuhong
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    Liu, Xiaokong
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    Song, Yilong
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    Yang, Xueying
    ;
    Dong, Qingfeng
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    Naumov, Panče
    ;
    Zhang, Hongyu
    Hybrid materials capitalize on the properties of individual materials to attain a specific combination of performance assets that is not available with the individual components alone. We describe a straightforward approach to preparation of sandwich-type hybrid dynamic materials that combine metals as electrically conductive components and polymers as bending, momentum-inducing components with flexible organic crystals as mechanically compliant and optically transducive medium. The resulting hybrid materials are conductive to both electricity and light, while they also respond to changes in temperature by deformation. Depending on the metal, their conductivity ranges from 7.9 to 21.0 S µm. The elements respond rapidly to temperature by curling or uncurling in about 0.2 s, which in one typical case corresponds to exceedingly fast deformation and recovery rates of 2187.5° and 1458.3° , respectively. In cyclic operation mode, their conductivity decreases less than 1% after 10,000 thermal cycles. The mechanothermal robustness and dual functionality favors these materials as candidates for a variety of applications in organic-based optics and electronics, and expands the prospects of application of organic crystals beyond the natural limits of their dynamic performance.
      10  7Scopus© Citations 15
  • Publication
    Exceptionally high work density of a ferroelectric dynamic organic crystal around room temperature
    (2022) ;
    Karothu, Durga Prasad
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    Ferreira, Rodrigo
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    Dushaq, Ghada
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    Ahmed, Ejaz
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    Catalano, Luca
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    Halabi, Jad Mahmoud
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    Alhaddad, Zainab
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    Tahir, Ibrahim
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    Mohamed, Sharmarke
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    Rasras, Mahmoud
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    Naumov, Panče
    Dynamic organic crystals are rapidly gaining traction as a new class of smart materials for energy conversion, however, they are only capable of very small strokes (<12%) and most of them operate through energetically cost-prohibitive processes at high temperatures. We report on the exceptional performance of an organic actuating material with exceedingly large stroke that can reversibly convert energy into work around room temperature. When transitioning at 295–305 K on heating and at 265–275 K on cooling the ferroelectric crystals of guanidinium nitrate exert a linear stroke of 51%, the highest value observed with a reversible operation of an organic single crystal actuator. Their maximum force density is higher than electric cylinders, ceramic piezoactuators, and electrostatic actuators, and their work capacity is close to that of thermal actuators. This work demonstrates the hitherto untapped potential of ionic organic crystals for applications such as light-weight capacitors, dielectrics, ferroelectric tunnel junctions, and thermistors.
      19Scopus© Citations 11
  • Publication
    Fluorescence-based thermal sensing with elastic organic crystals
    (2022) ;
    Di, Qi
    ;
    Miao, Xiaodan
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    Lan, Linfeng
    ;
    Yu, Xu
    ;
    Liu, Bin
    ;
    Yi, Yuanping
    ;
    Naumov, Panče
    ;
    Zhang, Hongyu
    Operation of temperature sensors over extended temperature ranges, and particularly in extreme conditions, poses challenges with both the mechanical integrity of the sensing material and the operational range of the sensor. With an emissive bendable organic crystalline material, here we propose that organic crystals can be used as mechanically robust and compliant fluorescence-based thermal sensors with wide range of temperature coverage and complete retention of mechanical elasticity. The exemplary material described remains elastically bendable and shows highly linear correlation with the emission wavelength and intensity between 77 K to 277 K, while it also transduces its own fluorescence in active waveguiding mode. This universal new approach expands the materials available for optical thermal sensing to a vast number of organic crystals as a new class of engineering materials and opens opportunities for the design of lightweight, organic fluorescence-based thermal sensors that can operate under extreme temperature conditions such as are the ones that will be encountered in future space exploration missions.
      16Scopus© Citations 40