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Economic load dispatch using memetic sine cosine algorithm

2022, Zitar, Raed, Al-Betar, Mohammed Azmi, Awadallah, Mohammed A., Assaleh, Khaled

In this paper, the economic load dispatch (ELD) problem which is an important problem in electrical engineering is tackled using a hybrid sine cosine algorithm (SCA) in a form of memetic technique. ELD is tackled by assigning a set of generation units with a minimum fuel costs to generate predefined load demand with accordance to a set of equality and inequality constraints. SCA is a recent population based optimizer turned towards the optimal solution using a mathematical-based model based on sine and cosine trigonometric functions. As other optimization methods, SCA has main shortcoming in exploitation process when a non-linear constraints problem like ELD is tackled. Therefore, β-hill climbing optimizer, a recent local search algorithm, is hybridized as a new operator in SCA to empower its exploitation capability to tackle ELD. The proposed hybrid algorithm is abbreviated as SCA-βHC which is evaluated using two sets of real-world generation cases: (i) 3-units, two versions of 13-units, and 40-units, with neglected Ramp Rate Limits and Prohibited Operating Zones constraints. (ii) 6-units and 15-units with Ramp Rate Limits and Prohibited Operating Zones constraints. The sensitivity analysis of the control parameters for SCA-βHC is initially studied. The results show that the performance of the SCA-βHC algorithm is increased by tuning its parameters in proper value. The comparative evaluation against several state-of-the-art methods show that the proposed method is able to produce new best results for some tested cases as well as the second-best for others. In a nutshell, hybridizing βHC optimizer as a new operator for SCA is very powerful algorithm for tackling ELD problems.