Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Relative Sea-Level Changes on the Southwestern Arabian Gulf since the Last Glacial Maximum
    ( 2022) ; ;
    Damien Arhan
    Several works have been carried out regarding Late Pleistocene–Holocene sea-level changes in the Arabian Gulf. Nevertheless, a global and regional approach is still lacking, and some critical issues remain unsolved. In this paper, a review and a reinterpretation of all published data regarding sea-level changes in the area have been completed and compared with new results obtained from fieldworks carried out in Failaka Island, Kuwait, and in Abu Dhabi Emirate, United Arab Emirates. This work relies mostly on studying geomorphological sea-level indicators, such as beach rocks and beach ridges besides combining archaeological data. Results show different trends in vertical movement within the studied area since the Last Glacial Maximum, which cannot be explained alone by the existing sea-level model, implying different, specific and local factors, such as tectonic deformations and diapirism.
      52  2
  • Publication
    La crise d'aridité climatique de la fin du 3ème millénaire av. J.-C., à la lumière des contextes géomorphologique de 3 sites d'Iran Oriental (Bam, Tepe Damghani, Jiroft)
    (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2015) ;
    Francfort, H.-P.
    Cosandey, C.
    Adle, C.
    The climatic aridity in the late third millennium is a fact attested by the paleo-climate reconstructions for the Near and Middle East as well in Central Asia. The question is what are the consequences of climate aridity for human societies and how they have adapted. The geomorphological study of Sabzevar in northeastern Iranian Plateau, Bam and Jiroft in southeastern of the same Plateau, shows that between the Chalcolithic and Iron Age water resources diminish but,thanks to favourable trapping groundwater tectonic settings, human societies adapt to changing location and adopting new irrigation techniques,inthis case the qanats. © 2015 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston.